Die Bodenkultur - Journal for Land Management, Food and Environment

K. Radoglou, D. Dobrowolska, G. Spyroglou and V.-N. Nicolescu:

A review on the ecology and silviculture of limes (Tilia cordata Mill., Tilia platyphyllos Scop. and Tilia tomentosa Moench.) in Europe


Four lime (Tilia) species occur naturally in Europe Tilia dasystyla Stev., Tilia tomentosa Moench., Tilia cordata Mill. and Tilia platyphyllos Scop. The latter two species occur almost over the whole continent of Europe except from a large part of Scandinavia. The third species, T. tomentosa Moench., grows only in former Jugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania and Greece. Tilia can be found as co-dominant tree species in mixed stands as a result of its vitality and adaptation to the changing environment. Pure stands can be found in the eastern part of Europe. The aim of this review is to synthesise the existing knowledge on different aspects of the growth of lime that are relevant to the silvicultural practice. Key words:  Tilia sp, broadleaves silviculture, regeneration, wood quality.