Most courses are carried out in units of two semester hours per week (90 minutes, 1 semester hour = 45 minutes). The semester usually lasts 15 weeks. Due to teaching reasons or the content of the course, some courses take the form of blocks (e.g. 3 hours every two weeks or 2 full days). For most course types attendance is compulsory (not for lectures).
We naturally recommend that you attend all lessons for the courses you have enrolled in. However, at BOKU, lessons quite often overlap (especially if you’re enrolled in a Master programme or if you’re not following a curriculum).
Therefore, it is important to consider which courses require attendance and which don’t.

  • Lecture (VO)
    Usually covers 2 hours a week (1 hour = 45 minutes). Registration is not required and there is no attendance sheet. They are usually held by professors. Grades are based on a written or oral exam at the end of the term. Make sure you talk to your teachers first if you miss classes, arrive late or leave early on a regular basis!

  • Exercise (UE)
    The emphasis is on the acquisition of practical knowledge. Students are expected to actively participate in class and therefore, must always be in attendance.
  • Seminar (SE)
    The emphasis is on the acquisition of theoretical and practical knowledge. Assessment is based either on the final exam or a term paper that has to be submitted by the student. Active class participation is required. Attendance is compulsory.
  • Further Course Types
    Internship (PR)
    Mandatory practical seminar (PP)
    Bachelor's seminar (BA)
    Master's seminar (MA)
    Excursion (EX)
    Project (PJ)
    Lecture and seminar (VS)
    Lecture and exercise (VU)
    Lecture and Excursion (VX)
    Seminar and excursion (SX)
    Exercise and excursion (UX)