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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-06-01 - 2022-05-31

The topics of combination husbandry/running stables/grazing are currently the subject of much discussion in both organic and conventional dairy farming. The uncertainty is high - conversion solutions are expensive, must be well thought through and also require individual solutions. Stable construction companies usually do not have suitable cost-effective solutions for small businesses or cannot/do not want to serve them. There is a lot of pressure on official consulting. Even an exit from dairy farming is an issue on some farms and must be "well considered and accompanied" to safeguard the management or the farms. The project is intended to make an important contribution to supporting these small-scale farming operations in disadvantaged areas in order to maintain and further develop the multi functionality of these farms. The results of the project contribute to the economic safeguarding and modernization as well as to the improvement of animal husbandry and support the farm development in the mountain areas.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-07-01 - 2021-06-30

Steering systems can also be used to the same extent in other federal states. Limiting factors here are mobile phone coverage and a lack of GPS reception in mountain regions. The field size and mechanisation also influence the savings potential. In addition, an overview of the spread of technology in Austria is to be created in order to estimate the potential in agriculture. These country-specific factors will be researched as part of a master's thesis and prepared for submission to the Austrian Energy Agency. Previous research has shown that the savings potential of steering systems depends on working width, field shape and driving strategy, which is why this was modelled with a very conservative savings factor. In order to capture the potential more precisely, AMA field data and the working widths used are to be integrated into the calculation on the basis of the literature values already researched. For this purpose, field-specific driving strategies are to be modelled and the savings potential is to be calculated on this basis. A study carried out in 2018 showed that for higher working widths and small strokes, the benefits of automatic steering systems are only given by part width section control. On the basis of the model, the use of a part width section control can be modelled and a savings potential of mineral fertiliser can be determined. The models will be validated on the basis of track planning data and machine data from selected farmers. Particularly deviating driving strategies due to logistics framework conditions should be considered in order to estimate a model deviation. The savings in mineral fertilisers and fuel not only bring economic advantages, but also a reduction in environmental impacts. A suitable method for assessing this potential is Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), in which the potential resource consumption and environmental impacts of a product or service are assessed. Savings potentials are indicated, for example, in CO2 equivalents (influence on the greenhouse effect and thus the climate effectiveness), in energy or as eutrophication potential (eutrophication potential). A positive effect of steering systems can be scientifically proven and can therefore serve as a sound basis for the ministry's decision regarding a funding structure.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2018-10-01 - 2022-11-30

The role of digitalization in everyday life is getting more and more important – a development that can also be observed in agriculture. For people working in this sector, digitalization offers many ways to get things done more easily, such as documentation for legislative purposes or societal demands. Agricultural production is supposed to getting more efficient using digitalization technologies which not only antagonizes the increase of cost pressure on agricultural production, but can also help to tackle problems such as climate change. Sensor technology, robotics, automation and artificial intelligence play an important role in this trend (BMEL, 2017). The project "DiLaAg - Digitalization-and Innovation Laboratory in Agricultural Sciences" based in Tulln pursues the main goal of establishing a scientific nucleus dealing with this topic via a cooperation between the Forum Morgen Privatstiftung and the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna and its consortium partners Vienna University of Technology and Vienna University of Veterinary Medicine. Dealing with digitization in the context of agriculture and science includes both, the training of young scientists through a doctorate college and creating a platform for research, development, training and consulting (Innovation Platform "Digital Agriculture Lab"), which is also open to the interested public and is intended to be a meeting place for social discourse on the subject.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations