Artificial Intelligence in Court

During his exchange semester at the University of Copenhagen, Thomas Buocz wrote a paper on "Artificial Intelligence in Court: Legitimacy Problems of AI Assistance in the Judiciary". The paper has now been published in the journal "Retskraft - Copenhagen Journal of Legal Studies" and is available online.


The emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is changing many aspects of our lives. The judiciary is not excluded from this development. However, the use of AI today and in the foreseeable future is limited to specific tasks, whereas the work of a judge requires a broad range of different skills. Therefore, it is unlikely that the use of AI will completely replace the work of human judges from one day to another. Introducing AI assistance to the judiciary will most likely be a gradual and slow process that starts with the parallel existence of AI assistance and human judges. This article investigates the danger of hidden relinquishment of decision-making power during this phase. For this purpose, I present three different ways how AI assistance could be incorporated into the judiciary. Analysing these three scenarios, I conclude that it is separation rather than cooperation that prevents hidden relinquishment of decision-making power.


The paper was published in Retskraft 2018, vol. 2/1, 41 and is available here.