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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-02-01 - 2019-12-31

The streams of secondary biomass is assessed qualitatively and quantitatively and the theoretical substitution potential is examined by the comparison with the fossil material flows in Austria and the processing with various conversion technologies of specific conversion rates. In addition, a comparison of the secondary biogenic raw materials generated in Austria and the EU is carried out.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-03-01 - 2022-02-28

Forest industries depend on a stable year-round supply of even log quality. GreenLane focuses on assortment-specific value-tracking in order to develop managerial responses giving improved mill customer value in the face of challenging climate scenarios. GreenLane builds on Era-Net MultiStrat (Multimodal Strategies 2016-2018) which quantified regional seasonality for harvesting production and transport, with the corresponding variation in lead times which drive roundwood value development. The development of multimodal strategies (combined use of road, rail and sea) provides the foundation for more efficient and resilient supply chains, which because of climate impacts on forest operations, are of growing importance. Even for natural disturbances such as windthrow with subsequent risk for bark beetle outbreaks, multimodal solutions provide the structural flexibility for efficient supply chain responses to such events. These solutions demand tighter management of lead time threshholds during critical seasons. GreenLane continues this work to further develop the competitiveness of European wood supply. Goal - The overall goal of the project is to develop a virtual supply chain laboratory environment enabling value-tracking and interactive testing of harvesting and transport responses to challenging climate scenarios. The focus is on implementing weather-driven models for wood quality and availability. The study compares three European case study areas in continental, sub-arctic and oceanic conditions. Output – The main output is to identify and quantify the combined potential of value-tracking and managerial responses for log quality, supply security and delivery costs under varying climate scenarios. The final output consists of best-practice guidelines for managerial response that improve the resilience of wood supply systems to climate change impacts including natural disturbances.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-02-01 - 2021-01-31

Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLT) such as blockchains is currently a booming topic. Particularly within the field of FinTech (Financial Technology) or InsureTech (Insurance Technology), multiple successful applications and implementations are found. Nevertheless, a wide range of further possibilities of use exist to improve operations by the usage of DLT. Through digitalization and more efficient processes, production volumes in the food supply chain have seen a continuous increase over recent years. The goal of this bilateral project ‘NutriSafe’ is to closely investigate potentials, risks and impacts of implementing DLT on the resilience of food supply chains and food security in general. Increased occurrences of natural hazard events, accidents, human errors as well as criminal activities, terrorism and security issues within information technology put food operations and related critical infrastructure at risk, resulting in a direct impact on food security for the general public. Due to the high importance of the food industry, close consideration of the impact of innovative technologies in this sector is of particular importance. In this context, improving traceability of good flows within complex food supply chains is of importance as already shown in pilot projects by major industry players such as Walmart and Maersk. With DLT, various processing steps and corresponding actors within the supply chain can be easily identified, which is of great importance in case of emergencies. Additionally, this technology allows supply chains to secure operations if IT security of critical production or ERP systems is not guaranteed. To achieve such benefits, innovative approaches to evaluate and develop DLT for applications in the food industry are required. During this project, various use cases studying the impact of implementing DLT within the food industry are investigated (e.g., IT attack on automatic milking systems, contamination of food products, transport disruptions), which have direct consequences on food supply and security in Austria. Developed methods and solution procedures are tested and evaluated in close cooperation with relevant decision-makers and industrial partners. As a result, a serious game for training activities is developed and innovative methods and major insights generated to improve food safety and security of supply in emergency settings.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations