911351 Stable isotopes (C, N, S, O, H) in soil and environmental sciences (in Eng.)


Art
Vorlesung und Exkursion
Semesterstunden
2
Vortragende/r (Mitwirkende/r)
Organisation
Angeboten im Semester
Wintersemester 2018/19
Unterrichts-/ Lehrsprachen
Englisch

Lehrinhalt

1. Stable isotopes: definition, units, reference standards, calculations
2. Analytical techniques IRMS (EA,GC,EQ), CRDS
3. Stable isotope fractionation (equilibrium and kinetic isotope effects) - theory
4. Stable isotope fractionation during transformation – determination of the isotope fractionation factor
5. Application of stable isotope fractionation – Describing and quantifying biodegradation
6. Stable isotope probing – the use of mass balance calculations to determine the fate of organic molecules
7. Labelled substances, tracer studies. Direct labelling, chamber methods, leaf labelling, chamber studies etc.
8. Biological nitrogen fixation measurement and indirect methods for measuring plant N uptake.
9. Biogeochemical process studies-isotope pool dilution.
10. Use of isotopes to trace and determine sources.
11. Future technologies and applications of isotopes, forensics, metabolomics, etc.
1. Exkursion the stable isotope lab BOKU Tulln
2. Exkursion hydrology isotope lab BOKU Muthgasse
3. Excursion to the isotope lab of the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)

Inhaltliche Voraussetzungen (erwartete Kenntnisse)

Basic background in chemistry and analytical chemistry;

Lehrziel

After completing this course the students shall be able to define isotopes and name various methods of measurement. They will be able to describe and explain the behaviour of isotopes in the environment and will be able to use this understanding to interprete isotope data and design isotope studies.
Noch mehr Informationen zur Lehrveranstaltung, wie Termine oder Informationen zu Prüfungen, usw. finden Sie auf der Lehrveranstaltungsseite in BOKUonline.