Chemical looping combustion (CLC) has unique potential for reducing energy and cost penalty for CO2 capture, as it avoids the costly gas separation of other CO2 capture technologies. Fuel and combustion air are never mixed. Therefore, no gas separation occurs and the energy penalty can be – at least theoretically – be reduced substantially compared to gas separation approaches. Early deployment of CLC is seen in natural gas steam generation, where gas-to-steam efficiency penalty with CLC is below 1%-point compared to 15%-points with amine scrubbing and 8%-points with oxyfuel combustion, all for 95% capture rate. Reduction of the CO2 avoidance cost of 60% compared to amine scrubbing post combustion capture results from higher efficiency.




Zerobin, F., Penthor, S., Bertsch, O., Pröll, T., 2016,”Feasibility of fluidized bed reactor systems for pressurized chemical looping combustion of natural gas”, in: Chaouki, J., Berruti, F., Bi, X., Cocco, R., Fluidization XV: ECI Symposium Series.

Zerobin, F., Bertsch, O., Penthor, S., Pröll, T., 2016, " Concept Study for Competitive Power Generation from Chemical Looping Combustion of Natural Gas", Energy Technol., 4, 1299-1304.

Zerobin, F., Pröll, T., 2017, "Potential and limitations of power generation via chemical looping combustion of gaseous fuels", International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 64, 174-182.

Penthor, S., Mattisson, T., Adánez, J., Bertolin, S., Masi, E., Larring, Y., Langørgen, O., Ströhle, J., Snijkers, F., Geerts, L., Albertsen, K., Williams, G., Bertsch, O., Authier, O., Dávila, Y., Yazdanpanah, M.M., Pröll, T., Lyngfelt, A., Hofbauer, H., 2017, "The EU-FP7 Project SUCCESS – Scale-up of Oxygen Carrier for Chemical Looping Combustion using Environmentally Sustainable Materials", Energy Procedia, 114, 395-406