Biointerphases 15

The implementation of self-assembled biomolecules on solid materials, in particular, sensor and electrode surfaces, gains increasing importance for the design of stable functional platforms, bioinspired materials, and biosensors. The study reports on the formation of a planar hybrid lipid/polymer membrane on a crystalline surface layer protein (SLP) lattice. The latter acts as a connecting layer linking the biomolecules to the inorganic base plate.

In this approach, chemically bound lipids provided hydrophobic anchoring moieties for the hybrid lipid/polymer membrane on the recrystallized SLP lattice. The rapid solvent exchange technique was the method of choice to generate the planar hybrid lipid/polymer membrane on the SLP lattice. The formation process and completeness of the latter were investigated by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring and by an enzymatic assay using the protease subtilisin A, respectively. The present data provide evidence for the formation of a hybrid lipid/polymer membrane on an S-layer lattice with a diblock copolymer content of 30%. The hybrid lipid/polymer showed a higher stiffness compared to the pure lipid bilayer. Most interestingly, both the pure and hybrid membrane prevented the proteolytic degradation of the underlying S-layer protein by the action of subtilisin A. Hence, these results provide evidence for the formation of defect-free membranes anchored to the S-layer lattice.

Full article in: Biointerphases 15, 011002 (2020);