Special Session at the 4th Open Science Meetings des Global Land Project 24-26 April 2019 in Bern, organized by Thomas Kastner and Alexandra Marquez

Assessing and evaluating the impact of the consumption of land-based products on biodiversity and ecosystem services
In land systems, biodiversity is key to the maintenance of ecosystem functions, which in turn underpin the supply ecosystem services harnessed by human societies. While agricultural and forestry activities are essential for human survival and well-being, they are also one of the major drivers of global biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. Ultimately, the consumption of land-based products is the main force behind the demand for land and the intensity of land use. Increasing globalization and industrialization is telecoupling consumption in one place to production in remote regions. To devise land-use strategies that address both production and conservation targets, proper accounting tools that link consumption activities to their biodiversity impacts are essential. Main challenges in establishing such accounting tools include: quantifying different dimensions of biodiversity and its temporal trends at large scales; the attribution of these trends to individual land-based products and land-use processes; and the disentangling of complex international supply chains. These peculiarities are the main culprits why the development of consumption-based tools for biodiversity and ecosystem services lags behind recent advances in accounting of other environmental pressures and impacts. In this session, we bring to together researchers at the forefront of consumption-based accounting of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Recent developments will be discussed, highlighting the potential, robustness and limitations of different approaches. The potential of consumption-based accounting to contributing to an alignment of production and conservation targets in land systems and to minimize trade-offs between the two will be critically explored.
 

Stakeholder Workshop mit Vertretern der Stadt Wien am 11.9.2018

Stakeholder Workshop mit Vertretern der Stadt Wien am 11.9.2018

Download project presentation

Fridolin Krausmann explains the projekt

Fridolin Krausmann explains the projekt

(Short film in German language)