Latest Projects

Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2023-10-01 - 2026-09-30

Project "Flame retardant treatment of wood using supercritical carbon dioxide" (FFG, Bridge-1 program, project number FO999903628) is a network project between BOKU, Kompetenzzentrum Wood KPlus and the companies NATEX (Austria) and Fritz Kohl GmbH & Co. KG. The impregnation of technical veneers with high-performance flame retardants using supercritical CO2 as a carrier medium is to be investigated with the aim of using these veneers in aircraft, automobile and shipbuilding. In the 3-year's project, R&D work is carried out in 4 central work packages (in addition to the APs Management and Dissemination). Based on a comprehensive literature study (WP 2) on P- and N-containing high-performance flame retardants, accompanying experiments investigating their dissolution and transport behavior in scCO2 as well as experiments targeting the introduction of functional groups for improved solubility or chemical fixation in wood, a selection of promising flame retardants for further work in WP 3-5 will be made. For these compounds, investigations into the solubility and transport behavior in scCO2 will be carried out in AP 3. This work allows the identification of particularly promising FSM and impregnation conditions (p, T, relaxation regime). Subsequently, tests are carried out to impregnate wood veneers, technical veneers and small solid wood samples in order to evaluate the loading success qualitatively and quantitatively. Accordingly, these tests are accompanied by comprehensive analysis, which serves to demonstrate the homogeneity of the loading, the degree of loading and the influence of the treatment on essential material properties. Data from these experiments can be used to draw important conclusions about improving process control. Finally, in WP 5, flame protection-relevant, mechanical, olfactory, morphological and colorimetric parameters will be collected for selected samples in order to finally evaluate the practical suitability of scCO2-supported impregnation of wood veneers and its transfer to solid wood. .
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2023-11-01 - 2028-10-31

The Josef Ressel Center “ReSTex – Recovery Strategies for Textiles”, addresses one of the central issues on the way to more sustainable societies and bioeconomies: the recycling of textiles. The focus is on utilization of cellulosic textiles and the separation of cellulosic blends, such as cotton / polyester, the so-called “polycotton”. The Ressel Center is located at the University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt, Biotech Campus Tulln and will tackle the scientific challenges of the topic together with its scientific partners, two institutes at the University of Natural Resources (BOKU) and one at TU Vienna, and four partner companies. Two general recycling routes will be explored: first, the selective dissolution of cellulosic blended textiles aims at separating the cotton and PET fractions in polymeric form without extensive degradation. Second, cellulose hydrolysis by biotechnological methods converts cellulose to fermentable carbohydrates while purifying out the PET fraction from polycotton blends. Initial work phases address screening and characterization of the starting textile blends, as well as evaluation of requirements for recycling. A database of spectral analysis data will be established and processed by AI. Several pre-treatment methods and special cellulose solvents for separation of cotton-rich articles will be tested. Follow-up work optimizes the solvents/solvent systems towards improved selectivity, suitable conditions for minimal impact on polymer integrity in case of high cotton fractions.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2023-05-01 - 2024-04-30

In many countries, insects are used as a source of protein for human consumption or for feeding and breeding livestock due to their ability to be easily cultivated on a variety of organic substrates, thanks to their hardiness. The Black Soldier Fly (BSF), particularly its larvae, stands out for its robustness and high conversion efficiency of up to 70%, enabling it to process a wide range of organic waste materials. However, to ensure optimal growth conditions for BSF larvae, it is of immense importance to properly formulate the feeding substrate. Therefore, rapid and efficient analytical methods are being developed to quickly assess the composition of the supplied organic waste stream. Furthermore, the suitability of insect biomass as a raw material for producing various materials is being evaluated for its physical and chemical suitability.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations