933335 Theory of sciences applied

Lecture and seminar
Semester hours
Lecturer (assistant)
Hartmann, Hendrik , Freyer, Bernhard
Offered in
Sommersemester 2021
Languages of instruction


The course is offered in either German or English. First meeting introducing into the lecture will be the 2. March 12-13.00

This course introduces the most important basics of scientific research and refers to agriculture in general and organic farming in particular.
As far as students from other disciplines are involved, the thematic focus and interpretation will be extended to an interdisciplinary perspective.
The following questions are leading:

(1) Do the ontological foundations and epistemological foundations differ between the agricultural directions?
(2) What are the (normative) requirements for research on organic farming and what is meant by them?
(3) Does the practice of research in organic farming differ from that of conventional farming?

For this purpose, the following background knowledge will be introduced:

1) Introduction to central concepts of philosophy and epistemology (ontology, epistemology and methodology)
2) Introduction to science studies (especially theory of science, sociology of science and history of science) and differences in the context of natural sciences, humanities and social sciences.
3) Introduction to scientific knowledge programmes
4) Classification of organic farming versus conventional farming in a scientific theoretical context

Previous knowledge expected

No specific prior knowledge required
The lecture is specifically for students interestde in science, science theory and philosophy

Objective (expected results of study and acquired competences)

1) Being able to reflect the epistemological foundations of science;
(2) Being able to explain scientific research with its sub-areas;
(3) Being able to identify and interpret the differences between organic farming research and conventional agricultural research, if available;
(3) Gain an understanding of the relationship between science research and science practice;
(4) Being able to reflect on the practical consequences for one's own scientific debate;
You can find more details like the schedule or information about exams on the course-page in BOKUonline.