940106 Introduction to cell biology and genetics

Semester hours
Lecturer (assistant)
Offered in
Sommersemester 2023
Languages of instruction


Section cell biology:

The organisation of living systems; the molecular composition of cell structures.

Methods for the investigation of cellular and subcellular structures.

Membranes: components, structure and function; membrane models.

Transport processes across membranes: ion channels, carriers; the osmotic equilibrium.

The compartmentation of cells: cell organelles. The structure of the nucleus, of mitochondria and chloroplasts.

Structure and function of the proteins: folding of the macromolecule; antibodies, enzymes, motor proteins, molecular switches, the proteins of the cytoskeleton.

Energy transformation and metabolism: direction and rate of cell processes; glycolysis, respiration, photosynthesis.

The cell surface: extracellular matrix, formation of tissues.

Specialized cells and their function in multicellular organisms.

Intracellular and intercellular communication.

Section genetics:

Concepts in genetics

Structure and some properties of DNA and RNA

Gene expression (overview)

Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis, homologous recombination;

Gene mutations

Chromosome structure and mutations

Chromosomal basis of heredity: Mendelian genetics, basics of eukaryotic chromosome mapping,

Extranuclear genomes (cytoplasmic inheritance)

basic concepts in population genetics

Previous knowledge expected


Objective (expected results of study and acquired competences)

By the end of the study the students will

- understand the basic principles in cell biology and genetics

- be able to apply the basic techniques for microscopy

- be able to describe the structure, function and replication of DNA

- understand the basic mechanisms of inheritance including Mendelian and non-Mendelian modes of inheritance

- be able to understand how gene expression is regulated

- understand the origin and impact of mutations

- be familiar with basic epigenetic mechanisms

- be aware of the potential applications of genetic information
You can find more details like the schedule or information about exams on the course-page in BOKUonline.