Analysing and forecasting mobility
At specific points in live, so called live changing moments, people often change their mobility patterns and a shift from sustainable transport modes to motorized individual transport occurs. Whereas data from Austria is only rarely available, data from Germany shows that especially walking and cycling trips decrease when children live in a household. The concern about children`s safety or the uncertainty about comfort makes active mobility unattractive. Additional barriers are trip lengths and the number of extra trips (e.g. consulting a doctor, leisure trips) which are necessary with children. The reason that family mobility is often associated with a car is that people do not have enough information on the benefits and possibilities of active mobility.
While the number of available active mobility measures is already increasing in cities, rural areas seems to be relatively unaffected by this development. To counter this development, the R&D project ANFANG aims to promote walking, cycling and the use of public transport as part of families’ everyday life in rural areas. For this purpose, a concept on meta-level to promote sustainable mobility for families, will be developed within the ANFANG project which will be tested in representative communities in Austria. Data will be collected by interviews with parents-to-be and families and by workshops with providers of mobility services, local politicians and decision-makers. The concept compromises various measures revealing: (I) wishes, barriers, potentials and constraints to promote sustainable family mobility, (ii) potentials and barriers of multimodal transport, (iii) available products for sustainable family mobility, and (iv) solution approaches to promote active mobility for families in communities. The ANFANG-concept will be available for a wide range of stakeholders (such as municipalities or local companies) for further exploitation. In order to achieve a more sustainable mobility development it is very important to promote active mobility measures. In addition to the positive effect on public health, the promotion of active mobility is a major contributor to achieve the overarching goal of the UN-Convention in Paris to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming.
The project aims to describe and communicate gender competence in the field of traffic planning and mobility management. In this context, gender competence means, on the one hand, combining the acquired gender-differentiated expert knowledge with the job-specific expert knowledge (expert competence) and, on the other hand, the ability to apply the diverse gender analyses in one's own field of expertise (method competence). These competencies should be linked to the constructive formation of sex ratio and gender relations in one's own organization or team (social competence). It manifests itself in the ability to reflect on one's own gender roles and gender roles within the organization as well as the assessment of one's own strengths and weaknesses. (Self-competence). Gender competence is taught in working groups and workshops which will be documented.
The project is an accompanying study on the preparation and implementation of a nationwide, technology-supported mobility survey, funded by the BMVIT. Up-to-date and proven survey technologies and procedures will be analyzed with their advantages and disadvantages and put together in a modular way to a viable survey concept for the call for tenders.
It is a broad involvement of all relevant actors, such as Federal states, cities, ÖBB, ASFINAG, to adapt the requirements of a nationwide mobility survey to the needs. The project also includes the quality assurance and plausibility checks during and after the survey phase, as well as the quality assurance of the weighting and extrapolation and the data analysis.
At the next consumer wxpenditure survey (2019/20), the Institute for Transport will be cooperating with Statistik Austria to gather information on time use and travel behaviour over one week in a sample of about 1000 persons in addition to consumer expenditures. As part of the survey, the activity level of the individuals is also recorded in detail. For this purpose, the diary and the personal questionnaire will be adapted accordingly.
The Austrian Transport Model is the key instrument for national transport planning, traffic forecasts and a wide range of academic, political and planning activities related to transport infrastructure. The Austrian Transport Model will be recreated from 2019. VMÖ Lot 2 is about the collection and processing of data in passenger transport. It involves the conduction of an Austria-wide mobility survey using a combined revealed and stated preference survey procedure.
The Austrian Transport Model is essential for national transport planning and forecasts as well as basis for scientific works and political decision making. Starting in 2019, an updated version is planned. Task 4 is dealing with the development of an appropriate data collection methodology (combining revealed and stated preference surveys) to collect and evaluate freight transport data as input for the new transport model.
Autonomous vehicle (AV) trials are currently taking place worldwide and Europe has a key role in the development of relevant technology. Yet, very limited research exists regarding the wider implications of the deployment of such vehicles on existing road infrastructure, since it is unclear if and when the transition period will start and conclude.
It is anticipated that improved accessibility and road safety will constitute the primary benefits of the widespread use of AVs, whilst co-benefits may also include reduced energy consumption, improved air quality or better use of urban space. Therefore, the focus of this COST Action is on observed and anticipated future mobility trends and implications on travel behaviour, namely car sharing, travel time use or residential location choice to name a few. Other important issues to be explored under different deployment scenarios are social, ethical, institutional and business impacts.
To achieve this, it is essential to culminate co-operation between a wide range of stakeholders at a local, national and international level, including academics and practitioners. Consequently, this COST Action will facilitate collaboration within Europe and beyond about this emerging topic of global interest.