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Merit-based scholarships are intended for students who demonstrate above-average academic achievement. Each university has a different set of criteria for awarding such scholarships, although most emphasise average mark and additional outstanding achievements. At the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, marks and ECTS credits are averaged and the student’s ranking is factored in.
Need-based scholarships are intended for students who require financial assistance while writing their thesis. For example, a student writing a thesis on avalanches in Tyrol would be able to apply for a need-based scholarship in order to travel there for research purposes. Need-based scholarships are only awarded if proposed research meets eligibility criteria.
The criteria for awarding need-based scholarships are essentially the same as for merit-based scholarships. Every university has a certain budget allocated for this purpose. Applicants must demonstrate why certain scientific research is deserving of funding. Reasons may include high travel costs or extensive and costly research. These funds are provided by the Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Research.