The volume of separately collected biogenic waste in Europe is increasing as a result of correspondingly targeted legal requirements in line with the circular economy concept. These represent an input potential both for the "classic" recycling paths, such as composting and anaerobic recycling (biogas production), and for new types of material recycling processes - keywords: biorefineries and cascade utilisation. The biogenic input materials are to be converted as completely as possible into high-quality material and energy products using various mechanical, thermochemical, biotechnological and biochemical processes, which in turn is a basic principle of the bio-economy strategy.
- Characterisation and processing of biogenic input materials
- Process optimization of biotechnological waste treatment and recycling processes especially composting processes)
- Behaviour of biodegradable and compostable materials in industrial composting
- Investigation of novel contaminants and pollutants in the extracted products and secondary resources (e.g. micro-plastic particles and inorganic nanoparticles in composts and fermentation residues)
- Investigation of the value-giving properties of biogenic secondary resources (e.g. humic content, nutrients, carbon and nitrogen pools in composts)
- Contribution of the utilisation of municipal biogenic waste to the European Circular Economy, Bio-economy Strategy and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)