Research

According to the three-pillar principle of BOKU (combination of technology, natural sciences and economic, social and legal sciences) we develop innovative concepts, methods and procedures

- for planning and evaluation of waste prevention measures,
- to close natural and anthropogenic material cycles,
- for low-emission waste treatment and
- for the aftercare and monitoring of landfills and old deposits.

The global interdependence of the economy and material flows requires waste flows to be analysed in a comprehensive context and cross-national solutions to be found.

Our current research areas are:

Latest SCI publications

Latest Projects

Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2022-12-01 - 2026-07-31

Materials, especially advanced materials, are the backbone and source of prosperity of an industrial society” (Materials 2030 Manifesto). The Green Deal and the Digital Decade establish high-priority policies for Europe, where 70% of all technical innovations are directly or indirectly attributed to advanced materials. Lightweight and high-strength materials have consistently played a key role in the construction of fuel-efficient and high-performing transportation structures. Lightweight materials such as glass and carbon fibres composites are commonly used due to their intrinsic properties such as high mechanical performance. However, the poor recyclability and recovery aspect poses a significant challenge. The end-of-life aspect of these materials is crucial, as when landfilled they release toxic substances into the environment. Moreover, minimising resource use, energy of manufacturing processes and optimising waste disposal of future advanced materials can help mitigate cost and product’s end-to-end footprint across its global lifecycle, thereby significantly improving its overall environmental performance. REPOXYBLE will create a new class of high-performance materials -bio-based epoxy composites- targeting cost and energy effectiveness, recyclability and sustainability. REPOXYBLE assumes an upstream approach more efficient and effective than having to address deficiencies at the end of the product development process. This approach integrates product performance, multifunctionality, sustainability, safety and potential legal concerns, while there is still time to act, on the monomers’ synthesis, the resin formulation and the future composite design. In REPOXYBLE, two complementary market applications in the aerospace and automotive sectors are used as business cases.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2022-11-01 - 2023-10-31

Safe- and Sustainble-by-Design (SSbD) plays an essential role in the production and processing of Advanced Materials in order to be able to achieve the goals of the EU Chemicals Strategy. In the SiNa project, SSbD assessment criteria are analyzed and the drivers & barriers in the operational implementation of the SSbD concept are identified by means of stakeholder analyses. In addition, SSbD applicability will be investigated in more detail using the example of an Austrian nanomaterial manufacturer for the cosmetics industry. In the course of a validation workshop, the recommendations for action derived from the project results for a future SSbD implementation in Austrian companies will be agreed with stakeholders.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2022-08-01 - 2022-12-31

APBB exclusively processes organic waste from household, commercial and industrial sources. Currently, the organic waste is treated anaerobically in a biogas plant and biogas is used in a CHP plant to generate electricity. In the future, green hydrogen and liquid CO2 will be produced in "food quality" from a portion of the biogas. It is currently the first plant worldwide that will produce hydrogen in this configuration and process technology (without electrolysis). The aim of the project is therefore to quantify the current CO2e emissions and potential savings compared to the status quo and to prepare a report.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations