Currently, laminated timber is widely used beside classic sawn timber. The gluing allows for higher part lengths and results in an advantageous behaviour regarding deformations due to shrinkage leading to better, more regular mechanical properties. The drawback is a low material utilization factor. Starting from a tree trunk, only 25-30 % are part of the final product. Thus, the high-quality product has to be used as efficiently as possible.
At the moment mostly plate girders made of laminated timber are used as a result of the efficient industrialized manufacturing process. If in comparison a truss system is used, a similar load bearing capacity and stiffness can be achieved with much less material effort. The aim of the Research Group for Resource-efficient Structural Engineering, led by Prof. Dr. Benjamin Kromoser, is to industrialize the design and manufacturing process of timber truss systems to be able to compete with the common plate girder systems. In detail the complete process starting from the design, static optimization, static proofs according to the standards, work preparation to production process will be cumulated in a continuous digital approach.
The stiffness of a truss system is directly linked to the stiffness of the truss joints. For this reason, we perform research regarding the use of different wood-wood connections to determine the most efficient version for the approach. Besides traditional wood connections and engineer-type wood connections (gusset plate) we also tested completely new versions enabled by digital fabrication tools.
Keywords: Wood construction, automated manufacturing, structural optimization, robotic manufacturing
** Kromoser, B; Braun, M; Ortner, M Construction of All-Wood Trusses with Plywood Nodes and Wooden Pegs: A Strategy towards Resource-Efficient Timber Construction.
Braun, M; Kromoser, B (2019): Superelevated wooden truss - increase of load bearing capacity and stiffness
Kromoser, B; Braun, M (2019): Industrialization of the design and production process of wooden trusses.
KROMOSER, B; BRAUN, M (2019): Towards efficiency in constructive timber engineering - design and optimization of timber trusses