The main objective of this research area is to use the high-performance carbon-reinforced materials (CFRP textiles and rods) and UHPC together with a design that optimally exploits the material properties to produce durable thin-walled structural members. The high tensile strength of the carbon reinforcement (up to 3,500 MPa) and the high compressive strength of the UHPC (greater than 150 MPa) permit a crucial reduction of the self-weight of the structure through a significant reduction in the required construction material. Furthermore, this minimizes transportation effort and simplifies the lifting process in prefabrication plants and on site.

Keywords: Carbon reinforcement, CFRP, UHPC, innovative construction materials, lightweight concrete




** Hammerl, M; Kromoser, B Bending Behaviour of Prestressed T-Shaped Concrete Beams Reinforced with FRP-Experimental and Analytical Investigations.

MATERIALS. 2022; 15(11), 3843 WoS PubMed FullText FullText_BOKU

** Preinstorfer, P; Huber, T; Reichenbach, S; Lees, JM; Kromoser, B Parametric Design Studies of Mass-Related Global Warming Potential and Construction Costs of FRP-Reinforced Concrete Infrastructure.

POLYMERS-BASEL. 2022; 14(12), 2383 WoS PubMed FullText FullText_BOKU

[fib Congress 2022 Oslo, Oslo, NORWAY, 13.06.2022 - 16.06.2022]

In: fib Fédération internationale du béton, Proceedings fib Congress 2022 Oslo

Reichenbach, S; Stoiber, N; Kromoser, B (2022): Cradle-to-gate LCA of FRP reinforcement for concrete structures.
[fib Congress 2022 Oslo - Concrete Innovation for Sustainability, Oslo, NORWAY, 13.06.2022 - 16.06.2022]

In: fib Federation International du Beton, Proceedings fib Congress 2022 Oslo - Concrete Innovation for Sustainability

Stoiber, N; Hammerl, M; Kromoser, B (2022): Environmental Assessment of Non-metallic Reinforcement for Concrete Structures as an Alternative to Steel Reinforcement .
[fib International Conference on Concrete Sustainability , Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC, 08.09.2021 - 10.09.2021]

In: FIB | Fédération internationale du béton fib International Conference on Concrete Sustainability , fib International Conference on Concrete Sustainability Vol. 33 (2022); ISBN: 978-80-01-06964-6 FullText


Stoiber, N.; Kromoser, B: Topology optimization in concrete construction: a systematic review on numerical and experimental investigations. 2021, Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization. 64: 1725-1749. DOI: 
Link Springer:  

Stoiber, N.; Kromoser, B. (2021): Pushing concrete material usage to the limit: Weight optimized, 3D printed concrete girders with external reinforcement. [International fib Symposium – Conceptual Design of Structures 2021, Switzerland, 16. – 18. September 2021]

** Hammerl, M; Kromoser, B The influence of pretensioning on the load-bearing behaviour of concrete beams reinforced with carbon fibre reinforced polymers.

** Preinstorfer, P; Huber, P; Huber, T; Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Experimental investigation and analytical modelling of shear strength of thin walled textile-reinforced UHPC beams.

** Reichenbach, S; Preinstorfer, P; Hammerl, M; Kromoser, B A review on embedded fibre-reinforced polymer reinforcement in structural concrete in Europe.

Hammerl, M; Kromoser, B (2021): Load-bearing Behaviour of Pretensioned Thin-walled Concrete Structures Reinforced with CFRP.

Preinstorfer, P; Reichenbach, S; Huber, T; Kromoser, B (2021): Potential Fields of Application for CFRP Reinforcement in Concrete Infrastructure Engineering: Material Availability, Application Areas and Static Parametric Study with Consideration of the GWP.

Reichenbach, S; Kromoser, B; Preinstorfer, P; Huber, T (2021): Application potential of textile reinforcement in concrete construction for infrastructure buildings: Environmental performance and availability.

Kromoser, B.: (2021): Ressourceneffizientes Bauen mit Betonfertigteilen. Material - Struktur - Herstellung.

** Preinstorfer, P; Kromoser, B Influence of geometrical parameters on the splitting forces in textile-reinforced concrete.

** Suppanz, F; Kromoser, B Bond behavior of subtractive machined CFRP rods in UHPC.


Hammerl, M; Kromoser, B (2020): Prestressing of carbon fiber reinforced concrete.

** Kromoser, B; Preinstorfer, P; Kollegger, J Building lightweight structures with carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer-reinforced ultra-high-performance concrete: Research approach, construction materials, and conceptual design of three building components.

** Preinstorfer, P; Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Categorisation of the bond behaviour of textile reinforced concrete.

** Preinstorfer, P; Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Flexural behaviour of filigree slab elements made of carbon reinforced UHPC.


Kromoser, B (2019): Thin walled CFRP reinforced UHPC structures – towards efficiency in concrete engineering?.

2018 Originalbeitrag in Fachzeitschrift

** Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Conceptual design, geometry optimization and calculation of the concrete shell bridge AM2 built with PFHC. BETON- STAHLBETONBAU. 2018; 113(2): 88-95. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

** Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J; Kari, H; Gradenegger, K; Ganster, M Practical Application of an innovative concrete shell construction method: Construction of the deer pass AM2 by use of PFHC. BETON- STAHLBETONBAU. 2018; 113(3): 222-232. WoS

Article in conference proceedings

Kollegger, J.; Kromoser, B.; Suza, D.: (2018): Erection of bridges and shells without formwork - challenges for the computational modelling. [Conference on Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures (Euro-C), Bad Hofgastein, 26. February - 1 March 2018] In: Meschke, G.; Pichler, B.; Rots J.G. (Eds.), Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures ; ISBN: 978-1-138-74117-1

2017 Journal article

** Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Active Shaping of hardened Concrete Elements for the Production of spatially crushed Concrete Surfaces. BETON- STAHLBETONBAU. 2017; 112(2): 106-115. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

Article in conference proceedings

Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2017): Construction of a thin walled concrete shell event canopy. [CCC Tokaj, Tokaj, 31.08. - 1.09.2017]

Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2017): How to inflate a hardened concrete shell with a weight of 80 t. [IASS Annual Symposium 2017 , Hamburg, 25. - 28. September 2017]

Preinstorfer, P.; Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2017): Dünnwandige Bauteile aus carbonbewehrtem Ultrahochleistungsbeton . [VÖZ Kolloquium 2017, Wien, 13.11.2017]

Preinstorfer, P.; Kromoser, B.,;Kollegger, J.: (2017): Development of prestressed T-beams made of textile reinforced UHPC. [39th IABSE Symposium, Vancouver, 19. - 23. September 2017]

2016 Journal article

** Hawkins, W; Herrmann, M; Ibell, T; Kromoser, B; Michaelski, A; Orr, J; Pedreschi, R; Pronk, A; Schipper, R; Shepherd, P; Veenendaal, D; Wansdronk, R; West, M Flexible formwork technologies - a state of the art review. STRUCT CONCRETE. 2016; 17(6): 911-935. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

** Kromoser, B; Huber, P Pneumatic Formwork Systems in Structural Engineering. ADV MATER SCI ENG. 2016; WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

** Kromoser, B; Ritt, M Optimized shapes for textile reinforced concrete structures - design of the barbecue furniture "Donauwelle". BAUINGENIEUR-GERMANY. 2016; 91: 425-433. WoS

Article in conference proceedings

Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2016): Building concrete shells without formwork and falsework. [fib Symposium 2016 , Cape Town, 21. - 23. November 2016] Pachner,T.;

Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2016): Structural Optimization of a concrete shell bridge with the Pneumatic Forming of Hardened Concrete construction method. [IASS 2016 International Symposium, Tokyo, 26.9. - 30.9.2016]

Preinstorfer, P.; Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2016): On the Bond Behaviour between Double-Wall Elements made of HPC/UHPC and ordinary cast-in-situ Concrete.
[HIPERMAT 2016, Kassel, 9.3. - 11.3.2016]

2015 Journal article

** Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Pneumatic forming of hardened concrete - building shells in the 21st century. STRUCT CONCRETE. 2015; 16(2): 161-171. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

Kromoser B.; Kollegger J.: (2015): Application Areas for Pneumatic Forming of Hardened Concrete. Journal of the IASS, 56, 187-198; ISSN 1028-365X

Article in conference proceedings

Kollegger, J.; Kromoser, B.: (2015): Neue Tragwerke – Eine Betonkuppel zum Aufblasen.
[59. Betontage Ulm, Ulm, 24. - 26.2.2015]

Kromoser, B.: (2015): Thin-walled textile concrete furniture. [The 11th Central European Concress on Concrete Engineering, Hainburg, 1.10. - 2.10.2015]

Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2015): Building shells from initially flat hardened concrete plates.
[IASS 2015, Amsterdam , 17.8. - 20.8.2015]


Kromoser, B.: (2015): Pneumatisches Verformen Von Ausgehärtetem Beton - Die Errichtung Von Betonschalen Aus Ursprünglich Ebenen Platten. ; TU Wien, Institut für Tragkonstruktionen - Forschungsbereich für Stahlbeton und Massivbau 2014 Journal article

** Kromoser, B; Kollegger, J Manufacturing of shell structures made of concrete with the "Pneumatic Wedge Method" A new Construction Method for the Construction of Double-Curved Concrete Surface by using Pneumatic Formwork. BETON- STAHLBETONBAU. 2014; 109(8): 557-565. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

Article in conference proceedings

Kromoser, B.; Kollegger, J.: (2014): Building free formed concrete surfaces by using the “pneumatic wedge method. [The 10th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering , Quebec, 21.7. - 23.7.2014] ; ISBN: 978-2-9806762-1-5