We define land rearrangement as a set of measures to change property (borders) on land implemented by public authorities, aiming to make land use more effective and compliant to public interests.

Land rearrangement can bring ownership and land use rights in accordance with legally defined planning goals, thereby mediating between public and private interests concerning land use and solving land use potential conflicts.

Land rearrangement includes rural land readjustment. We define this term as measures of readjusting agricultural and forest land (in Austria legally defined as measures of land reform), aiming at improving the farming structure and the landscape ecosystem as well as implementing projects that lie in the public interest.

Another relevant instrument of land rearrangement is urban land readjustment.

Urban land readjustment is a means of changing property borders and ownership structures in a way that suitable building land is created in terms of location, shape and size.