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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2021-10-01 - 2022-12-31

The project aims to gain new knowledge about possible impacts of climate change on agricultural production in Upper Austria and about efficient adaptation measures. The research objectives are addressed in a generally valid and reproducible way by applying scientific methods, such as integrated modeling. In addition to the presentation of the research results in a detailed project report, at least one scientific publication is planned. This ensures in principle that the knowledge generated within this project will be made available to the scientific community in the best possible way for the purpose of teaching and research and, if necessary, to the public ("third mission").
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2021-11-01 - 2022-08-31

Globally, the agricultural sector is the largest source of non-CO2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To achieve the EU’s and national climate targets also in the agricultural sector a significant reduction in GHG-emissions will be required in the next two decades. Several studies confirm the potential of structural and technical measures to reduce GHG-emissions in the agricultural sector. However, their practical implementation is lagging behind. In 2013, a Eurobarometer survey revealed that 70% of participating Austrian citizens are not aware of scientific developments. This calls for urgent action to promote exchange between science, farmers, policy, and the society. The project aims at developing a concept for an interactive web platform (hereafter "web platform") for presenting modelled farm-level GHG emissions under climate change. The methodological approach comprises three steps 1. a literature review on web platforms (in general and regarding climate change and agriculture) 2. interviews to identify the requirements for the planned web platform and relevant indicators to be displayed 3. protocol development for implementing the web platform Science, farmers, policy, and the society may benefit from the project results in various ways. Farmers could use the web platform to evaluate the effect of management measures and technology on GHG-emissions. An important information for the motivation and implementation of climate change mitigation measures – together with information on calculated marginal abatement costs also for policy makers to develop and adjust climate and agricultural policies. Moreover, motivating climate change mitigation reduces GHG-emissions in the agricultural sector, of which the society will benefit. Science will benefit from the publicly available protocol, which provides important insights for the implementation of a web platform as a direct interface for the digital exchange between science, farmers, policy, and the society.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2021-11-01 - 2023-10-31

Limiting global warming to well below 2°C requires rapid reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions (IPCC SR1.5). Further, GHG emissions must reach net-zero around the middle of the century. Accordingly, Austria is committed to achieving “climate neutrality” by 2040 (Regierungsprogramm, 2020). While IPCC SR15 provides global scenarios towards this goal, national pathways consistent with this goal are far less understood. Existing climate and energy scenarios for Austria are largely aiming to evaluate current or proposed additional policies (BMNT,. 2019; Krutzler et al., 2017, 2016), represent narrow stakeholder interests (Krutzler et al., 2016; Veigl, 2017, Windsperger, 2018) or focus on specific sectors (Geyer, 2019; Windsperger, 2018). Therefore, these scenario analyses do not provide the comprehensive, balanced picture that is necessary to develop and assess potential alternative pathways towards climate neutrality. Moreover, existing scenarios for Austria were developed by a relatively small panel of experts without broader stakeholder involvementengagement. Finally, existing scenarios are frequently missing a detailed representation of the increasingly relevant power sector and generally target climate neutrality not before 2050. The NetZero2040 project seeks to close these gaps and aims to establish the first set of comprehensive and consistent alternative pathways for achieving climate neutrality in Austria by 2040. As these scenarios should support a broader societal discussion, we complement quantitative modelling efforts with a broad, structured, iterative stakeholder process that informs scenario generation and evaluates modelling results. The central objective of our research project is therefore the design and execution of a scenario generation development process, which -is a co-production between the modelling team and stakeholders to increase legitimacy, facilitate acceptance of final scenarios and allow their use as guiding principles within the stakeholders’ organizations -interprets the resulting pathways along several dimensions of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) to identify synergies and trade-offs with other societal priorities -creates comprehensive and consistent pathways towards a climate neutral Austria through an iterative process between stakeholders and modellers -ensures techno-economic consistency by the application of an integrated modelling framework for the energy system, with a particular focus on power systems -covers a broad range of potential future developments and derives feasible mitigation pathways under these assumptions, ensuring diversity of results

Supervised Theses and Dissertations