958347 Genetic control of secondary metabolites in perennial crop plants (in Eng.)


Art
Vorlesung und Seminar
Semesterstunden
2
Vortragende/r (Mitwirkende/r)
Griesser, Michaela
Organisation
Angeboten im Semester
Wintersemester 2020/21
Unterrichts-/ Lehrsprachen
Englisch

Lehrinhalt

The lecture gives insights into primary and secondary metabolites in plants, with the focus on fruit crops (Pomology and Viticulture). Selected primary production processes important for fruit crops (like photosynthesis, sugar translocation, phytohormons) will be discussed at the beginning. The major part of the lecture will be on secondary metabolites, including their function within plants, the genes involved in biosynthesis and metabolism and their regulation. Different classes of secondary metabolites will be discussed in detail with selected examples of fruit crops. The influence of stress situations (biotic, abiotic, management) during the production process as well as their effects on fruit quality will be highlighted.
- Introduction and basic knowledge of genetic
- Photosynthesis and Primary Metabolites
- Introduction and Function of Secondary Metabolites
- Biosynthesis and Function of Terpenes
- Biosynthesis and Function of Cyanogenic Glycosides
- Biosynthesis and Function of Glucosinolates
- Biosynthesis and Function of Alkaloids
- Biosynthesis and Function of Polyphenols
- Engineering of metabolites and pharmaceuticals
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Inhaltliche Voraussetzungen (erwartete Kenntnisse)

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Lehrziel

Students successfully completing the course can:
- define and differentiate the role of primary and secondary metabolism in plant and fruit physiology
- classify the main groups of secondary metabolites and describe their biosynthesis pathways
- recognise the main functions of secondary metabolites in different crop species and rank their role for crop production
- differentiate between structural and induced biochemical defence (induced and systemic acquired resistance) responses of plants
- identify and describe gene regulation pathways in plants
- define and generate conceptional knowledge links between agronomic practices and their effects on secondary metabolites in fruits
- combine knowledge from agronomy and physiology in order to evaluate scientific publications and to translate the information into applied questions
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