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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2022-09-01 - 2025-08-31

Climate change is currently one of the greatest challenges of our time. The influence of the building sector is enormous, with a raw material consumption of 47.5 gigatonnes per year and an energy consumption of 40% of the total energy consumed worldwide. According to the BMK report Energy in Austria 2021: Facts and Figures, the provision of space heating and air conditioning consumes almost 24% of the total final energy demand. Progress with regard to the environmental efficiency of residential and service buildings is therefore particularly crucial in this sector. 30% of Austrians live in buildings constructed in the sixties and seventies, another 30% in houses older than 40 years. The newly constructed buildings are responsible for only 10-20% of the total energy consumption due to the high demands on thermal insulation. 80% of the energy is consumed by older existing buildings. In Austria, about 1.9 million residential units are in a thermally insufficient condition and thus in need of renovation. The renovation of existing buildings and in particular the renovation and thermal refurbishment of the façade is therefore currently one of the most important sub-sectors of the building industry. The advancement of research as well as the large-scale establishment of environmental and economically attractive systems is therefore indispensable. The aim of this project is to research the basics for the development of serially prefabricated systems (e.g. from renewable raw materials). With the help of these fundamentals, a basis is to be created for the industry in order to be able to offer innovative and, in particular, environmental competitive alternatives to the currently largely used composite thermal insulation systems with corresponding capacities on the market in the future. The focus will be on resource-efficient and recyclable systems and building materials as well as efficient and economical production and installation. Accompanying the research into technical solutions, an ecological and economic analysis will be carried out in order to be able to quantify the potential accordingly.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2023-06-15 - 2025-06-14

Archeology has traditionally placed emphasis on the study of human processes, assuming the continuity in the settlement as a phenomenon proper to the occupation of space. Discontinuities have received less attention. However, regions with low population pressure, geographically marginal with respect to the most recurrently occupied areas, as is the case of central-western Patagonia (Aisén Region), are characterized by discontinuities in human occupation. Discontinuities are not the same in terms of characteristics and extension, some even lasting millennia. This phenomenon has been identified at the spatial scales of archaeological sites and localities; however, a detailed study of a regional scale is needed to address the mechanisms and characteristics of the discontinuities throughout 12,000 years of history. This project will use the concept of exploration within the framework of an evolutionary archeology as it allows recognizing the role of information networks between individuals in the incorporation of new spaces and proposes that, given the prolonged and repeated discontinuities in the occupation of central-western Patagonia, its exploration was not a single process, but rather corresponded to a multidimensional phenomenon. With this objective in mind, open steppe areas, high-altitude sectors, periglacial environments, and closed forests will be evaluated as they are all margin areas where the archaeological record would be expected to preserve actions associated with exploration contexts. In spatial terms, explicit analytical scales will be used in data retrieval at the site, locality, and regional levels. In temporal terms, given the characteristic discontinuity of human occupation, it will seek to define chronological gaps as a starting point to evaluate the archaeological data sets. Different dating methods will be applied for defining the occupational redundancy at the site and locality level as well as the periods of occupation of the sites. The archaeological record will allow the comprehensive study of the directionality of the flows of goods, the ranges of action, the organization of technology and the strategies of subsistence and mobility through time.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2024-05-01 - 2027-04-30

The project will establish an Integrated Research Centre (IREC) for advanced numerical and analytical analysis of reliability, performance, and service life of existing and new civil engineering structures such as bridges, tunnels, protective barriers, etc. The IREC will aim to integrate the knowledge and tools of the cross-border partners from BOKU-IKI and BUT-STM and offer a unified and efficient access and service to the target groups on both sides of the border. This synergy will enable easy cross-border transfer of parts of solutions to complex problems. Within the framework of its activities, the Centre will offer both knowledge transfer in the form of seminars and publications and direct application and consultancy activities towards partners from engineering offices and infrastructure operators and owners. The common services, methods and tools will be intensified and adapted to the current needs of the target groups and thus prepared for an optimized operation of the research centre after the end of the project. The research centre will be autonomous after the end of the project, self-financed by the funds raised by providing services to the technical offices and the professional community. Without the joint involvement of the two cross-border partners, the required comprehensiveness and availability of the services offered could not be achieved, and thus the necessary change in the approach of the professional community to the application of modern advanced numerical methods to improve and streamline the design and assessment of building structures and to ensure sustainable and reliable transport infrastructure. For the duration of the project, the research centre will consist exclusively of two founding project partners. Future expansion of the research centre with additional partners from research institutions or industry is not excluded, in line with the needs of future developments in the field and the needs of the programme regions.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations