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Dietary protein reduction in combination with simultaneous supply of limiting amino acids reduces environmental load with nitrogen and helps to save feeding costs. To take full advantage of low protein diets, the energy supply must also be taken into account. With high protein diets, excess absorbed amino acids are converted into nitrogenous waste which is excreted through urine and faeces into the environment. The goal of the present study is to investigate the effect of a crude protein reduction under different energy levels with consideration of the ideal-protein on zootechnical and slaughter performance, as well as carcass characteristic parameters of fattening pigs.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-11-01 - 2022-10-31

Genomic Selection (GS) has become a promising tool for enhancing gain by selection in plant and animal breeding. Still unsolved challenges remain, particularly to deal with disease resistance traits that are simultaneously governed by large effect, often epistatic genes and small effect, additive genes. Standard GS handles additive effects well, but has difficulties with epistatic gene effects. That is the core idea behind this project. By taking wheat as a case, we will apply our concept of intelligent genomic selection to two of the most devastating plant diseases affecting European wheat production - FHB and stripe rust. An interdisciplinary research environment will be sought by combining world-leading expertise in statistical modeling with leading groups in plant genomics and plant pathology and active collaboration with plant breeding companies. The project will as well provide training of postdocs and PhD students.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2021-02-01 - 2023-01-31

Zur Untersuchung der molekularen Grundlagen der Pflanze-Mikroorganismen Interaktion haben sich die so genannten „-OMICS“-Techniken als besonders leistungsfähig herausgestellt. For the investigation of the molecular basis of plant-microbe interactions, the so-called "-OMICS" techniques have proven to be particularly powerful. The primary goal of this project is to expand the existing method portfolio for metabolome analysis of plants, microorganisms and their interactions. In particular, many interesting questions have arisen within the framework of the FWF project SFB FUSARIUM (2009-2019). Two of the open scientific questions related to resistance mechanisms of the host will be investigated by directly applying the new methods to Fusarium-treated wheat samples. The new scientific knowledge gained on Fusarium head blight will serve a better understanding of the metabolism of plants under stress. The project will therefore provide novel insight into plant defence mechanisms and can help in the long term to develop new control strategies and measures for sustainable plant protection. Translated with (free version)

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