Latest SCI publications

Latest Projects

Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2021-01-01 - 2023-12-31

Surface and groundwaters and the environments in which they occur, represent some of the most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. In addition to water security, aquatic environments provide vital ecosystem services supporting for example: climate regulation, biodiversity, water provision, aquaculture, agriculture, fisheries, energy, transport and tourism. The growing number of users and uses, the increasing population, industrialisation and the continuous intensification of land use compound the impacts of climate change and extreme events. Despite this, only a small fraction of our waters are being effectively monitored and managed. Existing monitoring tends to be in isolation, inconsistent and fails to account for the water continuum at the basin scale, including connectivity with ground water and the oceans. The increasing availability of free-to-access satellite data from missions such as the Copernicus programme is beginning to radically transform approaches to the assessment, monitoring and the sustainable management of inland, transitional and coastal systems, including the effective targeting of interventions and solutions. The last 5-10 years have witnessed a healthy escalation in research programmes, innovation and services funded by national and EC streams, some of which are now contributing to Copernicus services and others associated with H2020, ESA and nationally funded initiatives and research projects. As a result, this rapid growth has often resulted in overlapping capabilities and duplication. Moreover, the rate of technical advances often outpaces end-user capacity and, consequently, there has often been a lack of co-development with downstream end-user communities to ensure that the product and services are fit for purpose and meet real user requirements. By working hand-in-hand with these communities, Water-FORCE will encapsulate the on-going research and innovation in water quality and quantity observation to deliver a roadmap that will set the priorities and capacity building needs to deliver a coherent and consistent water observation strategy that meets the needs of the industry, policy and research communities as well as NGOs and international agencies. With a mission of delivering ‘better, cheaper, faster’, it is critical to that the next phase of EO exploitation not only works closely wih stakeholders and end users, but new opportunities of innovation are exploited, especially in areas of data assimilation into models to enable reliable higher level product development, filling of spatial and temporal gaps, delivering better forecasting, uncertainty estimation, and validated by smart in situ sensor networks including citizen scientists.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2020-07-01 - 2021-12-31

In the proposed project the derivation of soil hydraulic properties for the total area of Austria is one of the central concerns. In this context, it is necessary to develop correlations between easily measurable or area-wide available physio-geographic parameters (as they are available nationwide via geo-databases) and additional information from satellite remote sensing and the relevant soil parameters. Based on preliminary work (Klotz et al., 2017; Kratzert et al. 2019), we will further develop methods from "machine learning" and adapt them to this problem. The aim is to derive the best possible information on relevant soil hydraulic parameters on the basis of available data and also to indicate corresponding uncertainties. Furthermore, the influence of pre-humidity conditions on the infiltration process will be intensively analysed on the basis of soil information using soil-physical model calculations for relevant soil profiles. In this way, important information for an Austria-wide determination and presentation of pluvial flood hazards is created throughout Austria by using and further developing "state-of-the-art" methods. The results of this project will certainly be communicated to both the scientific expert public and practitioners through several scientific publications.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2020-10-22 - 2021-10-21

Caffeine can be used as a marker for possible contamination of water resources by sewage discharges, whereby bacteriological contamination can also be predicted. Thus, caffeine could be used as a chemical indicator for a possible contamination of water by sanitary facilities and for non-mapped discharges of wastewater. It can be used for determination of bathing water quality as well. The aim of this cooperation is to develop an innovative technology for efficient and environmentally friendly quality monitoring of water., using Caffeine as indicator. The measurement technology allows in-situ detection without the need for sampling and laboratory analysis, which makes it use significantly easier and cost-effective. This method can be used as an inexpensive warning system or sampling trigger for monitoring bathing water quality, which can be particularly important for regions that are heavily used by tourists.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations