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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2020-03-01 - 2021-02-28

The importance of electric vehicles in the national vehicle fleet and accordingly the demand for Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) will increase in future. The group of electric private cars includes battery electric vehicles (BEV), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), pedelecs, and electric scooters. In Austria, the rele-vance of electric driven transport vehicles, is still low, but this is expected to emi-nently change in future. LIB contain valuable metals (e.g. Cu, Co, Al) and compo-nents (e.g. electrode coating, printed circuit boards) with rising potential for recy-cling and re-use, thus call for action to keep these scarce materials in the economy. Currently, only very small battery volumes are reaching their end of life (EOL). Therefore, no specific recycling plants are existing in Austria. Hence, it is crucial to understand how to efficiently and effectively re-cover valuable materials from EOL batteries in near future. Furthermore, design for recycling and prolongation of life time, e.g. with re-use as energy storage facility, has to be enhanced in the view of a circular economy. Emerging recycling technologies are a core element of a holistic battery recycling system. In recent years LIB recycling has been evolving from lab-scale to full industrial recycling. Well-founded decisions about the technology mix and system setup are thus required. Austria has a high potential for inclusion in the future circular value chain of lithium-ion batteries, as Austrian enterprises play an important role in both automotive and recycling industry. Objectives of this study cover the analysis of economic impacts based on low-carbon energy scenarios with resource use of LIB in a circular economy, the assessment of framework conditions for a full-scale recycling process in Austria, and the creation of a technology roadmap for a holistic system ranging from second-life approaches over take-back and collection systems to innovative recycling technologies. Methods will cover the assessment of recycling technology based on process engineer-ing and optimisation, the assessments of product characteristics using internal da-tabases and dismantling trials, sustainability assessment of impacts of design for Re-cycling or Second Life, and the quantification of economic impacts and e-mobility scenarios using the “WIFO.DYNK model”. Expected results cover a technology roadmap for holistic options for LIB recycling and re-use consid-ering take-back schemes and reverse logistics, an action plan covering economic instruments for setup and development of a value chain for LIB in Austria, an economic assessment of potential added value and employment effects through the measures.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2019-06-01 - 2022-05-31

ClimGrassHydro aims in understanding the individual and combined effects of multiple levels of climate warming, elevated CO2 and severe drought on the ecohydrology of mountain grassland. In the project the implications of ecohydrological responses for agricultural yield and water yield are quantified, and a platform is developed for transdisciplinary exchange and integration of knowledge with climate economics and stakeholders from the agricultural and energy sectors for identifying vulnerabilities and possibilities for climate-smart adaptation.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2012-12-01 - 2013-10-30

The project "development in flood prone areas: assessment of flood management alternatives" has the goal to develope integrated strategies to reduce flood risk at the federal level to support the implementation of the EU flood risk directive. Previous project have shown the necessity to analyse and to assess the various flood risk management alternatives. There seems to be also the need for an improved communication and cooperation among the various actors in this domain. The instruments should be assesed with respect to legislative and economic criteria and their potential for integrated application to reduce flood risk. The deficits of the instruments should be assessed especially in APSFR regions.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations