The SmartHubs projects examines mobility hubs, dedicated on-street locations where citizens can choose from different shared and sustainable mobility options. The main objective is to assess if a co-designed user-centric development can enable mobility hubs to act as a game changer towards sustainable urban mobility and accessibility. SmartHubs will examine, develop and apply research methods and tools in four SmartHubs Living Labs in Belgium (Brussels), the Netherlands (Rotterdam-the Hague), Germany (Munich) and Austria (Vienna and Seestadt aspern). SmartHubs will develop and apply novel participatory and impact assessment tools (i) an open accessibility tool involving inputs from individual citizens to examine the local accessibility impacts of mobility hubs, (ii) an accessibility network analysis and resilience tool to examine the impacts of mobility hubs on transport network resilience, (iii) a multi-actor multi-criteria analysis method is used and extended to involve individual citizens and (iv) 3D visualization, augmented reality and gaming will be used to facilitate co-creation processes of mobility hub design. Finally, SmartHubs will conduct rigorous research on a broad range of mobility, accessibility, vulnerability, resilience and societal impacts of mobility hubs (including environmental, equity, gender, and transport poverty impacts) which go beyond the current state of the art.
At specific points in live, so called live changing moments, people often change their mobility patterns and a shift from sustainable transport modes to motorized individual transport occurs. Whereas data from Austria is only rarely available, data from Germany shows that especially walking and cycling trips decrease when children live in a household. The concern about children`s safety or the uncertainty about comfort makes active mobility unattractive. Additional barriers are trip lengths and the number of extra trips (e.g. consulting a doctor, leisure trips) which are necessary with children. The reason that family mobility is often associated with a car is that people do not have enough information on the benefits and possibilities of active mobility.
While the number of available active mobility measures is already increasing in cities, rural areas seems to be relatively unaffected by this development. To counter this development, the R&D project ANFANG aims to promote walking, cycling and the use of public transport as part of families’ everyday life in rural areas. For this purpose, a concept on meta-level to promote sustainable mobility for families, will be developed within the ANFANG project which will be tested in representative communities in Austria. Data will be collected by interviews with parents-to-be and families and by workshops with providers of mobility services, local politicians and decision-makers. The concept compromises various measures revealing: (I) wishes, barriers, potentials and constraints to promote sustainable family mobility, (ii) potentials and barriers of multimodal transport, (iii) available products for sustainable family mobility, and (iv) solution approaches to promote active mobility for families in communities. The ANFANG-concept will be available for a wide range of stakeholders (such as municipalities or local companies) for further exploitation. In order to achieve a more sustainable mobility development it is very important to promote active mobility measures. In addition to the positive effect on public health, the promotion of active mobility is a major contributor to achieve the overarching goal of the UN-Convention in Paris to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming.
EcoVeloTour facilitates the development of sustainable tourism in the Danube region along EuroVelo routes via enhanced, conscious and ecologically sound framework of tourism destination management and extending cyclist tourism, unfolding neighbouring regions beyond the EuroVelo route. The regions will capitalize on cultural and natural heritage, through the integration of the ecosystem service framework into ecotourism planning, that enable the attentive maintenance of high ecosystem provisions that benefits to the sustainable development of the region including the ecotourism stakeholders in the long run.
The framework will be strongly support by sustainable mobility guidelines, which is one key element in comprehensive ecotourism planning, esp. in the case of cyclist ecotourism along the EuroVelo in the Danube region. Moreover, a comprehensive market research will help Danube region wide to assess better the potentials and ways forward in the ecotourism development.
Regional ecotourism strategies will be elaborated based on the developed framework and good practices, studies on ecotourism, green mobility, knowledge exchange, potential ecosystem service mapping of pilot areas, intensive key actors’ cooperation, stakeholder analysis and participation, learning interactions (including e-learning) at regional and transnational level.
The implementation of the strategies starts during the project lifetime including small-scale investments too. The bottom-up approach, collected experience from local level will result in a policy recommendation to ensure the capitalization of project results at policy-maker level.
Outputs will be: (i) transnational tools for ecotourism development
and management: enhanced framework for ecotourism development and mobility planning guidelines, transnational market research, policy recommendation, ecotourism mobile app., e-learning platform; (ii) pilot regional ecotourism strategies; (iii) transnational learning interactions.